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Office of Human Resources

Equal Opportunity & Compliance

EOC Glossary

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Pattern or Practice Discrimination
  Employer actions constituting a pattern of conduct resulting in discriminatory treatment toward the members of a class. Pattern or practice discrimination generally is demonstrated in large measure through statistical evidence, and can be proven under either the disparate treatment or disparate impact model.
Physical & Mental Job Qualification Requirements
  Physical and mental standards that an employer requires a person performing or applying for a job to meet.
Prima Facie Case
  A legal term that refers to a case sufficient on its face to prevail in the absence of contradictory evidence.
Proof of Discrimination
  "Proofs" of discrimination are the factual formulations which show that discrimination under a particular theory exists. These formations describe the kinds of facts needed to show a nexus between a particular adverse action or result and a particular prohibited factor. Proof requires evidence; see "Anecdotal Evidence," "Comparative Evidence," and "Statistical Evidence."
Protected Group
  A group of persons, identifiable by name or characteristics, who are the victims of a pattern or practice of discrimination.

Related Items
Marital Status (Protected Group)
  Whether an individual is single or married.
National Origin (Protected Group)
  An individual's ethnicity, ancestry, nationality.
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (Federal Race/Ethnicity Code)
  All persons having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
Quid Pro Quo (Sexual Harassment)
  "This for that," ie. Demanding sexual favors in exchange for promotions, a raise or good grades.
Race (Protected Group)
  American Indian or Alaskan Native; Asian; Black or African American; Hispanic/Latino; Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander; or Two or More Races.
Religion (Protected Group)
  Religious beliefs and practices, not limited to mainstream religions, but also including moral or ethical beliefs which are sincerely held with the strength of religious views.
Sex (Protected Group)
  Specifically male or female.
Veteran's Status (Protected Group)
  Vietnam era veterans, special disabled veterans, and veterans who served on active duty during a war or in a campaign or expedition for which a campaign badge has been authorized.