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Office of Human Resources

Equal Opportunity & Compliance

EOC Glossary

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Individual with a Disability
  Any person who:
  • has a physical or mental impairment which substantially limits one or more of such person's major life activities;
  • has a record of such an impairment; or
  • is regarded as having such an impairment.
This definition does not include an individual currently engaging in the illegal use of drugs, when the contractor acts on the basis of such use. This definition does not include an individual who is an alcoholic whose current abuse of alcohol prevents such individual from performing the duties of the job in question, or whose employment, by reason of such current alcohol abuse, would constitute a direct threat to property or safety of others.

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Adverse Impact
  A substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion, transfer, training or other employment related decisions for any race, sex, or ethnic group. A finding of adverse impact by itself does not establish a violation device in question based on job relatedness or business necessity. See definition of disparate impact.
Disparate Impact
  A theory or category of employment discrimination. Disparate impact discrimination may be found when a contractor's use of a facially neutral selection standard (e.g., a test, an interview, a degree requirement) disqualifies members of a particular race or gender group at a significantly higher rate than others and is not justified by business necessity or job relatedness. An intent to discriminate is not necessary to this type of employment discrimination. The disparate impact theory may be used to analyze both objective and subjective selection standards. Same concept as adverse impact. See definition of adverse impact.
Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander (Federal Race/Ethnicity Code)
  All persons having origins in any of the original peoples of Hawaii, Guam, Samoa, or other Pacific Islands.
Qualified Individual with a Disability
  An individual with a disability (see above) who is capable of performing a particular job, with or without reasonable accommodation to his or her disability.